Energy drinks are beverages that normally include high levels of caffeine as well as other ingredients such as taurine, and caffeine-containing herbs, like guarana. While energy drinks are usually consumed alone, they’re also oftentimes used as mixers for alcoholic drinks.
When combined, ingredients found in energy drinks and alcohol create a volatile and unhealthy mixture that adversely affects the central nervous system (CNS). Energy drinks contain large amounts of the stimulant caffeine, along with taurine, guarana and ginseng.
Alcohol, on the other hand, is a depressant. Rather than canceling each other out, as it would seem logical, these two substances generate chaotic chemical imbalances that, in effect, abuse and possibly cause irreparable harm to the CNS, circulatory and endocrine system.
Other health concerns from mixing energy drinks and alcohol also include adolescent brain damage, increased emergency department visits, and more hospitalizations.
Caffeine's effects on the human body include:
Conversely, the effects of alcohol on the human body include:
According to an article published on Scientific American's website on November 9, 2010:
"alcohol works in part potentiating the GABAergic neurotransmitter system. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter. When the neurons in the brain release GABA, it acts to slow down or inhibit other neural processes. This can reduce anxiety, increase relaxation while sedating a person. With higher levels of alcohol occurring as a result of the combination of energy drinks and alcohol, problems can arise as important neural and other bodily systems become overinhibited and shut down".
As a result of caffeine in energy drinks suppressing the sedation caused by alcohol, individuals who consume energy drinks while also drinking alcohol are generally able to drink more alcohol without experiencing the intensely anesthetizing effects produced by alcohol alone. Thus, they might consume more alcohol and get more impaired than they realize, adding to the risks of alcohol-related harms.
In addition, research suggests that intake of energy drinks and alcohol produces excess dopamine secretion, which encourages the person to drink even more of both substances.
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Energy drinks, as well as other stimulants, will cause a person who is drinking alcohol to think they are not impaired. According to dietitian Theresa Osteen who works in the U.S. Army Health Clinic Preventative Services and writes for the Army's official website:
"no matter how alert someone may feel, the alcohol in the energy drink is raising the blood alcohol concentration in the body, just as if they were having an alcoholic drink".
In addition, the sedating effects of alcohol remain in the body once the stimulating effects of energy drinks diminish, potentially causing alcohol poisoning if too much alcohol was consumed. Alcohol-induced sickness symptoms include:
Moderate to excessive consumption of energy drinks and alcohol may result in a trip to the emergency room or even an extended stay in the hospital.
Habitual users of energy drinks who attempt to give up, will find they suffer from withdrawal symptoms such as headaches, fatigue and irritability lasting for about a week.
However, someone who is a heavy or dependent alcohol drinker will suffer more disturbing symptoms than those involved with caffeine withdrawal.
If you think you might be dependent on alcohol, then it is essential you consult a medical professional prior to giving up alcohol. Withdrawal from alcohol can be fatal.
If you need help overcoming an energy drink and alcohol addiction, then we can provide a free consultation and drinking assessment to help you decide what is the best course of action to take regarding your drinking.
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