While in a minority of cases, Wet Brain Syndrome can develop 
It's as straightforward as that.
However, if an alcoholic abstains from alcohol then alcohol dementia can be halted and, in many cases, reversed.
This, unfortunately is NOT the case with Wet Brain Syndrome (Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome).
If caught early enough it can be treated and a full recovery can occur. But if allowed to progress it will cause permanent brain damage and can kill (about 20% of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome sufferers will die from the condition)
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Wet Brain Syndrome: What is It?
Wet Brain Syndrome is actually two disorders - Wernicke Encephalopathy and Korsakoff Psychosis. They can appear together or independently.
Both of these illnesses are caused by a lack of thiamine (vitamin B-1).
There are two reasons as to why thiamine deficiency occurs in alcoholics:
Alcohol inhibits the absorption of thiamine
Usually alcoholics are so focused on the consumption of alcohol that they neglect their diets. This results in them not getting enough thimaine
Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Because Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is two disorders there are two distinct set of symptoms:
This is the acute phase. Symptoms can include:
-a staggering gait (not unlike the walk of someone intoxicated),
-disturbed eye movements
-and mental confusion.
If these symptoms are ignored and the alcoholic continues to drink then the next, chronic, stage appears.....
This is the chronic phase of the Syndrome. Symptoms can include:
-An inability to remember the recent past, although long term memory might be perfect.
-Sometimes someone with Korsakoff Psychosis might not even have long term memories. A total shutdown of memory.
-Fabrication. Because the sufferer can't remember anything they will make up stories to fill in the gaps.
-Unable to engage in meaningful dialog.
-Apathy, sufferers lose interest in things quickly and generally appear indifferent to change.
Treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
If the syndrome is caught before it has moved into the chronic phase (Korsakoff Psychosis) then it is more than probable that the sufferer will recover.
However, this recovery could take up to a year.
Treatment usually involves intravenous thiamine (vitamin B-1)being given to the patient. Sometimes a prolonged stay in hospital is required as the symptoms subside.
Of course, it is essential that alcohol is taken out of the equation, otherwise the syndrome will reappear.
Unfortunately if the syndrome is too far advanced (korsakoff Psychosis) then treatment is limited to halting the progress of the disease with thiamine replacement and abstinence. Symptoms (see above) will remain for the rest of the sufferers life. 
If allowed to run its course, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome will kill.
Deborah Morrow, M.S. Addiction Psychology, is the director of treatment programs for The Alcoholism Guide website. In her practice Deborah provides on-line coaching and support for those dependent on alcohol or who require other services such as relapse prevention or court mandated services. (Read More)
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